Rare Book & Manuscript Library

Juan J. Linz papers, 1936-2010, bulk 1950-1989

Summary Information

At a Glance

Call No.: MS#1751
Bib ID 11524877 View CLIO record
Creator(s) Linz, Juan J (Juan José), 1926-2013
Title Juan J. Linz papers, 1936-2010, bulk 1950-1989
Physical Description 12 linear feet (11 boxes)
Language(s) English , Spanish; Castilian .

Material is unprocessed. Assessed September 2018, collection can be made available without further intervention.

This collection is located on-site.

This collection has no restrictions.



Arranged by material types and by subjects.



The Juan J. Linz papers contain correspondence, personal documents, awards, photographs, notes, writings, speeches, lectures and courses notes, research files, press coverage and interviews, and printed material, dating from 1920s to 2010. The materials also include one box of materials on Columbia Student Unrest in 1968. The collection provide an insight on Juan J. Linz's family and childhood as well as his education and his work as a political scientist and a professor.

Using the Collection

Rare Book and Manuscript Library

Restrictions on Access

Material is unprocessed. Assessed September 2018, collection can be made available without further intervention.

This collection is located on-site.

This collection has no restrictions.

Terms Governing Use and Reproduction

Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. The RBML maintains ownership of the physical material only. Copyright remains with the creator and his/her heirs. The responsibility to secure copyright permission rests with the patron.

Preferred Citation

Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Juan J. Linz Papers; Box and Folder; Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Columbia University Library.

Related Materials

There is a Juan Linz Archive that includes extensive press coverage of the transition to democracy in Spain, covering the years 1973 through 1987. The archive includes over 76,000 press archive is associated with the Juan March Foundation and the Universidad Juan Carlos Ill in Madrid, and can be consulted online. Linz archive in the Universidad Complutense de Madrid: UCM archives. Juan Linz Online Archive of the Spanish Transition

There is also a Linz archive with copious material from the political parties in Spain at the time of the transition, including electoral manifestos, banners, and all of electoral is housed in the archives at the Universidad Complutense de Madrid.

About the Finding Aid / Processing Information

Columbia University Libraries, Rare Book and Manuscript Library

Processing Information

Collection-level record describing unprocessed material made public in summer 2018 as part of the Hidden Collections initiative.

Revision Description

2018-09-07 File created.

2019-05-20 EAD was imported spring 2019 as part of the ArchivesSpace Phase II migration.

Subject Headings

The subject headings listed below are found in this collection. Links below allow searches at Columbia University through the Archival Collections Portal and through CLIO, the catalog for Columbia University Libraries, as well as ArchiveGRID, a catalog that allows users to search the holdings of multiple research libraries and archives.

All links open new windows.


Heading "CUL Archives:"
"CUL Collections:"
"Nat'l / Int'l Archives:"
Awards Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Clippings (Information Artifacts) Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Correspondence Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Course materials Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Drawings (visual works) Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Interviews Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Lectures Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Paintings (visual works) Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Personal papers Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Photographic prints Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Speeches (documents) Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID


Heading "CUL Archives:"
"CUL Collections:"
"Nat'l / Int'l Archives:"
Authoritarianism Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Communism Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Davis, Kingsley, 1908-1997 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Democratization Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Linz, Juan J (Juan José), 1926-2013 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Lipset, Seymour Martin Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Menéndez Pidal, Ramón, 1869-1968 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Political science Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Political scientists Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Preysing, Konrad, Graf von, 1880-1950 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Spanish Refugee Relief Association Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID

History / Biographical Note

Biographical / Historical

Spanish American political scientist. He was born in Germany to Spanish parents. He obtained a law degree from the University of Madrid and a Ph.D. from Columbia University. He taught in Spain and elsewhere in Europe, as well as at Yale University, where he later served as professor emeritus. His analysis of authoritarianism and democratic transitions increased attention to the potential fragility of posttotalitarian and postauthoritarian democratic systems. In 1996 Linz received the Johan Skytte Prize in Political Science, awarded annually by the Johan Skytte Foundation at Uppsala University for "the most valuable contribution to political science." He has written several books, including (with Alfred C. Stepan) Problems of Democratic Transition and Consolidation: Southern Europe, South America, and Post-Communist Europe (1996) and Totalitarian and Authoritarian Regimes (2000).

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Series I: Personal

Box 1 Folder 1 Linz Family

Material related to Juan's parents.

Box 1 Folder 1 Documents (official and unofficial) related to the personal life of Pilar Storch de Gracia

e.g. school records, records of lectures given, death certificate

Box 1 Folder 1 Correspondence between Pilar Storch de Gracia and Don Ramón Menéndez Pidal

Box 1 Folder 1 Documents from the beginning of the Spanish Civil War, 1936

Documents from the moment, mostly related to belongings left in the house at El Pardo, and preparations for move to Germany. (Pilar, Juan and three cats went from El Pardo to Madrid by car; Madrid to Alicante by train; Alicante to Hamburg by boat; Hamburg to Berlin by train)

Box 1 Folder 1 Correspondence of Pilar with Cardinal Von Preysing and lnfanta Paz

Box 1 Folder 1 Linz family documents

Including photos of family house, photos of Hans and Pilar in Cologne from 1920s, Hans Linz death certificate, and materials related to members of Hans Linz family.

Linz's Childhood and Adolescence

Material related to infancy and adolescence.

Box 1 Folder 2 Juan's birth certificate and other documents from adolescence

Box 1 Folder 2 School gradebook

Box 1 Folder 2 Letters from Juan's military permits and documents University documents

Box 1 Folder 2 Photos, 1920s-1940s

Box 1 Folder 2 Juan Linz childhood drawings, paintings, and architecture plans, 1930s

Series II: Correspondence and notes

Official Correspondence and Personal Notes, 1950s-1968

Box 1 Folder 3 Paper on democracy from summer school in south of France, 1949

Box 1 Folder 3 Official Correspondence from Columbia and the lnstituto de Estudios Politicos, as well as other U.S. and documents, 1950s-1960s

Including dismissal from IEP and draft of response

Box 1 Folder 3 Personal notes on life and studies in the United States and future plans, 1950s

Box 1 Folder 3 Correspondence with Columbia Faculty, 1960s

Box 1 Folder 3 Correspondence Columbia/Yale, 1967-1968

Box 1 Folder 3 Yale Annual Reports

Political Correspondence, 1950s-1960s

Box 1 Folder 4 Rodolfo Llopis and other PSOE figures

Box 1 Folder 4 Francisco Benet (anthropology student at Columbia) including Community Study Proposal

Box 1 Folder 4 Antonio Garcia Lopez

Box 1 Folder 4 Letter to Don Juan de Borbón from Linz, Benet, Garcia López and Luchsinger (1955) (Draft) and Response of Don Juan, 1955

Box 1 Folder 4 Plans and drafts of manifestos of Columbia group (Linz, Benet, and Luchsinger) and Garcia López (Halifax), mid 1950s

Box 1 Folder 4 Linz letter to New York Times about Opus Dei, 1957

Box 1 Folder 4 Letters from Julio Cerón's family, 1960

Box 1 Folder 4 Correspondence with Hugh Gaitskill (Labour Party) about Suez Crisis, 1956

Box 1 Folder 5 Alexander Kesküla Material and Correspondence

Columbia University, 1950s-1960s

Box 2 Several folders with notes from Merton lectures and Merton-Lazarsfeld seminar

Box 2 Several folders with notes from courses Nagel, Kaplan, Kingsley Davis, and on methodology

Box 2 Articles by Juan on freedom and medicine in the Middle Ages, research for Hofstadter Academic Freedom Project

Box 2 Notes from Bell-Linz Seminar, 1962-1963

Including very interesting early notes on breakdowns

Linz Correspondence

The correspondence archive is very incomplete, especially the letters of recommendation, which continued long after Linz's retirement.

Box 6 Correspondence related to Quantitative History Piece (1968-1971) and to Breakdowns Volumes (in capacity as editor, 1970s), 1970s

Box 6 Correspondence with/about Important Spanish Public Figures

Box 6 Correspondence, 1960s

Box 6 Correspondence, 1970s, 2 folders

Box 6 Correspondence about Amando de Miguel controversy (arrest), 1971

Box 6 Correspondence, 1980s

Box 6 Correspondence, 1990s, 2 folders

Box 6 Correspondence, 2000s

Box 6 Yale Student Evaluations and Letters of Recommendation

Box 6 Translation of Linz work correspondence

Box 6 Correspondence related to specific works of Linz

Box 6 Correspondence related to Linz's Collected Works

Series III: Research and Work

Work with Lipset

Box 3 Folder 1 Correspondence with Lipset, including "Seymour Martin Lipset: In Memorium", 2011

Box 3 Folder 1 Notes for Lipset, Lazarsfeld, et al. for The Psychology of Voting Behavior, other early reports, and on Authoritarian Regimes as Political Forms Distinct from Totalitarian Systems and Political Democracies

Box 3 Folder 1 Notes for Lipset on distinction between legitimacy and efficacy (1963) and comments on paper on Social Requisites of Democracy

Box 3 Folder 2 Inventory of Political Behavior (1955) for Lipset on Marx-Engels, Class and Politics: Class Conflict as a Model and as an Example of Analysis, 1955

Box 3 Folder 2 Inventory (1955) for Lipset on religion and politics, with Schram and Dutch survey as well as Australian survey data, 1955

Box 3 Folder 3 Material for Lipset (Political Diversity): The Politics of Professions

Box 3 Folder 3 Material for Lipset (Political Diversity): Rural Voting Behavior

Box 3 Folder 4 Material for Lipset (Political Diversity): Business and Politics

Box 3 Folder 4 Material for Lipset (Political Diversity): The Politics and Middle Classes in Different Countries

Box 3 Folder 4 Material for Lipset (Political Diversity): Politics and the Life Cycle

Box 3 Folder 4 The Social Bases of Political Western Democracy, Volume I (Ch. I-VII)

Box 3 Folder 4 The Social Bases of Political Western Democracy, Volume II (Ch. VIII-XI)

Box 3 Folder 4 The Social Bases of Political Western Democracy, Volume III (Ch. XII-XIII)

Box 3 Folder 4 The Social Bases of Political Diversity in Western Democracy, Section on Socioeconomic Position, Occupation and Status and their Relationships to Politics

Box 3 Folder with transcripts from George Mosse Seminar on Fascism at Stanford, 1963

Linz Research and Work

Box 4a SSRC Authoritarianism Proposal

Box 4a The Eight Spains (First Version, with much more concentrated focus on the and Catalan questions)

Box 4a Political Violence, the Grimau Case, and Data on Violence in the 2nd Republic

Box 4a Fascism (Biographic data)

Box 4a Intellectuals (Original Interview Material with Spanish Intellectuals from 1971)

Box 4a Reviews of Linz Work

Box 4a Book Reviews by Linz

Box 4a Materials of Interest on Spain, 1950s-1960s

mostly from 1950s and 1960s, with some proposals for projects and data

Box 4a Quien es quien en las cortes (Who is who in the Cortes)

Box 4a Los alcaldes, 1960s

Box 4a Material on Spanish Professions, mucho on Colegio de Abogados in Madrid, 1959

Box 4a Material from the end of the 1950s about the Realidad asociativa de los españoles, 1950s

Box 4a Data on domestic service with use of Spanish census

Box 4a Data on Spanish social structure, material on growth of cities, industrial with use of 1940 Spanish Census

Box 4a Proposal for lnforme FOESSA on 1976 referendum

Box 4a Notes on the social structure of Spain, mid to late 1970s

Much of the material reads like a draft for a paper, close to complete. Includes many good tables, material on bureaucratization, social structure, Madrid versus Barcelona, etc.

Box 4a Notes on stratification analysis and the study of social structures. Unpublished paper, probably late 1950s or early 1960s

General, not focused on Spain

Box 4a Copies of original version of "Authoritarian Regime" article, along with some early drafts and some documentation for footnotes

Box 4a Notes in preparation for "A Century of Interest Group Politics", late 1970s-early 1980s

Including hand-written exploration of the comparison with Italy not in final version)

Box 4a Material on controversies surrounding lnforme FOESSA and Conflicto en Euskadi

Box 4b Spanish Youth Survey questionnaires, 1960

Box 4b Material on urbanization and agrotowns (Folder 1)

Box 4c Data on urbanization and agrotowns (Folders 2 and 3)

Box 4c Historia Folder: La Sociedad: De la República a la Democracia (con la colaboración de Rocío de Terán) (Photos), 1986, 650 pages

This manuscript is not finished. It was to be the for a complete social history of Spain from the republic through the transition to democracy. Juan and Rocio worked on it for several there are many pages with paragraphs excerpted from source material without references given. These references were to be completed later. Please be sure not to cite this as work from Juan and Rocío, since insistent that the reference sources needed to be credited.

Partially Published Papers

Box 5 Geneva paper

Sections. Poland: Charisma, and Authoritarianism without Fascism; Hungary, Romania, etc., on comparative fascisms (Only first part published, only in German and Italian)

Box 5 "Legislature in Organic Statist Authoritarian Regimes: The Case of Spain"

published in part in Smith and Musolf, eds., Legislatures in Development

Box 5 "Notes toward a paper on Europe's Southern Frontier" (Very different paper from one published with same title in Daedalus), 1979

Box 5 PCE Paper (published in part in Schwab)

Box 5 "Crisis o f a Unitary State: Peripheral Nationalisms and Regionalism"

much longer version

Box 5 The Asamblea Nacional de Primo de Rivera

English version, only published in Spanish

Box 5 Section not included in final version of 2002 paper on "Parties in Contemporary Democracies"

Box 5 Edinburgh Paper "Time and Regime Change

with critique of Kirkpatrick, most likely misplaced

Box 5 "Legacy of Franco and Democracy"

Unpublished papers

Box 5 "Parliaments and Cabinets: Political Elites in Changing Societies" (Libro Elites, Edinger, sin publicar) (Photos)

Box 5 "Nationalisms in Spain in Comparative Perspective" (Bielefeld paper) (Photos)

Box 5 "Some Thoughts towards a Characterization of Post-Totalitarian Regimes" (Photos)

Box 5 "Crisis of Political Parties or Why Parties Will Not be the Same" (Washington Paper), 1997

Box 5 "Stability and Regime Change" (Paper for presentation at colloquium, Werner-Reimers Stiftung, Bad Homburg, sin publicar) (Photos), 1981

Box 5 "The Inauguration of Democratic Government and its Consequences in Spain (1) (1967 Bellagio Meeting) (Photos)"Nature of Spanish Society: A sociologist's View" (Photos), 1967

Box 5 "The Nature of Spanish Society: A sociologist's view" (Photos)

Box 5 "Some thoughts on Spanish Politics and Society Facing the Mid-Seventies (Photos)

Box 5 "A Spanish Sociologist Looks at Anthropological Research on Contemporary Spain" (Photos), 1967

Paper presented at Symposium on "Spain: Regional Diversity and Comparability" at the Annual Meeting of the American Anthropological Association, Washington

Box 5 "Size and Democracy: Some Random Notes on the Dahl and Tufts Paper" (IPSA, Turin) (Photos), 1969

Box 5 "A Progress Report of Comparative National and International Time Series on Social, Economic, and Political Change in Spain and Italy" (in collaboration with Pedro Gonzalez Blasco) (Photos)

Box 5 "Social Structure and Democracy in Southern Europe" (Photos), 1993

Box 5 "The Question of Identity: Suggestions for the Core European Social (Photos)

Box 5 "Spanish Society 1936-1986" (Photos)

Box 5 Chapter drafts for a monograph in English on Spain

Chapter 1, land and the people; chapter 2, the historical past; chapter 3, Civil war and the emergence of the Franco regime; chapter 4, the social system; chapter 5, the official institutions; chapter 6, the permanent institutions; chapter 7, ideological tendencies; chapter 8, the political process; chapter 9, The elite; chapter 10, change despite continuity (Photos)

Box 5 Estudio sociológico para el planteamiento de una campaña electoral en la provincial de la Coruña (DATA) (Photos), May 1967, 250+ pages

Box 5 "Spain: Parliamentary Elites before Franco" (Photos)

Box 5 Berlin Paper on states, nations, nationalism, and democracy (Photos), 1994

Box 5 Notes for reunion in Bucharest applying Rokkan (Photos), 1994

Box 5 "Democratization and Types of Democracies: New for Comparativists" (Glasgow) (Photos), 1996

Box 5 Some Notes Toward a Comparative Analysis of Non-Competitive and Semi-Competitive Elections and Their Functions and Dysfunctions in Different of Political Systems" (ISA-IPSA) (Photos), 1976

Box 5 "Some Not Too Hopeful about the Future" (multinationalism, democracy, Basque Country) (Photos), late 1970s

Box 5 "From an Authoritarian Regime to Democracy: The Case of Spain'' (Photos)

Box 5 "Spain: A New Democratic Monarchy" (Photos)

Box 5 Thoughts on Decentralization, Devolution and the Many Varieties of Democratic Federal Arrangements (with Alfred Stepan, Indonesia) (Photos), 1998

Box 5 "Defining and Crafting Democratic Constitutions and Consolidation" (with Alfred Stepan, Indonesia) (Photos), 1998

Box 5 "La instauración de la democracia y, con ella, la nueva constitución, consideraciones de un sociólogo de la politica" (Photos)

Box 5 Estructura y dinamica de los grupos socioles en España, 1967, 240 pages

Box 5 "The Asamblea Nacional of Primode Rivera" (in English)

Box 5 Notes for possible paper on Intellectuals and Society: The Spanish Case

Correspondence with Eisenstadt which led to paper on intellectuals in Spain 16th-18th centuries. However, these notes include many ideas for the study of 20th century intellectuals.

Series IV: Prizes, Awards, and Recognition

Box 6 Doctor Honoris Causa Granada, 1975

Box 6 Premio Principe de Asturias, 1987

Box 6 Festgaber N.Y., 1991

Box 6 Doctor Honoris Causa Marburgo, 1992

Box 6 Skytte Prize, 1996

Box 6 Doctor Honoris Causa Oslo and Doctor Honoris Causa Bilbao, 2002

Box 6 APSA Prize, 2004

Box 6 Amalfi Prize, 2010

Box 6 Various Other Prizes and ("La vida misma")

Series V: Linz lectures, speeches and course notes

In English

Box 9 Linz's courses at Yale

Box 7 Keynote speech at Harvard's Fairbank Center for East Asian Research, 1998 December

Box 7 Talk Spanish Institute, Early 1980s

Box 7 Stein Rokkan Lecture: Thoughts on Democratic Politics Today

Box 7 Talk in honor of Stein Rokkan

Box 7 Theory and Prospects of Representative Democracy: The Case of Spain, NYU Conference

Box 7 Transcript of Remarks at the Camões Center's Symposium, "The constitution and the Consolidation of Democracy in Portugal, 1976-1989, 1989 December

Box 7 Stanford Talk


Box 7 Conferencia sobre conocimiento sociológico en el Circulo de Economia de Barcelona, enero 1960

Box 7 Estructura ocupacional de España," Conferencia sobre la ordenación profesional de la juventud, with Amando de Miguel, 1964

Box 7 Conferencia sobre el futuro de la democracia en España (para público no académico), entre 1968 y 1975

Box 7 Conferecia Casa Velazquez (con Pierre Vilar), Enero 1969

Box 7 Cuatro lecciones sobre la democracia (Given at Fundación Juan March), Nov. 1976

(Photos for the first lecture) 1. "La democracia como sistema político"; 2. "Las condiciones para la consolidación y estabilidad de la democracia"; 3. "Su mutual interacción"; 4. "Los tipos de democracia y de sisemas de partido políticos"

Box 7 Conferencias Círculo de Empresarios, July 1977

Box 7 Un sociólogo ante la primera elección democrática" (Club Siglo XXI) (published), June 1977

Box 7 "Las diversas formas de Estado y sociedad civil"

Box 7 Reforma pactada, rupture pactada" (Trilateral, Madrid)

Box 7 Los problemas de representación y participación en un context de reforma del Estado y la crisis de los actors sociales", enero 1988

Box 7 "Democracia y sociedad: legitimidad y eficacia" (cursos universitarios, fundación Juan March)

Box 7 "La transición Española en perspectiva comparada"

Box 7 Notas para curso sobre democracia (in both English and Spanish)

Series VI: Press Coverage and Interviews

Box 7 Press Coverage, 1966-1975

Box 7 Press Coverage, 1976

Box 7 Press Coverage, 1977-1979

Box 7 Press Coverage, 1980-1989

Box 7 Interviews and References to Linz Work in Press, 1990-2010

Box 7 Linz interviews

Series VII: Organization records

Box 7 Official records from the association of Amigos de los Antiguos Refugiados Españoles (AARE), covering 1983-2014, of which Juan was President, 1983-2014

(This association was founded to work alongside Spanish Refugee Aid, created by Dwight and Nancy Macdonald, among other, in 1953).

Box 7 Notes from 1994 Seminar in Toledo on the transition to democracy in Spain, with records of interventions from many of the protagonists of the transition, 1994

Series VIII: Material on Columbia Student Unrest, 1968

Box 8 Material on Columbia Student Unrest, 1968