Rare Book & Manuscript Library

Harriet Zuckerman papers, 1887-2014, bulk 1963-1992

Summary Information

At a Glance

Call No.: MS#1722
Bib ID 10825294 View CLIO record
Creator(s) Zuckerman, Harriet
Title Harriet Zuckerman papers, 1887-2014, bulk 1963-1992
Physical Description 71.52 linear feet (47 record cartons and 31 manuscript boxes)
Language(s) English .
Access You will need to make an appointment in advance to use this collection material in the Rare Book and Manuscript Library reading room. You can schedule an appointment once you've submitted your request through your Special Collections Research Account.

Some files will be restricted for forty years due to confidentiality concerns, and only made available with the written consent of the donor. Please contact rbml@columbia.edu for more information.

This collection is located off-site.




Correspondence, manuscripts, research files, drafts, memoranda, etc.

  • Series I. Professional Correspondence, 1967-2011

    Series I: Professional Correspondence, 1967-2011: This series is divided into three alphabetically arranged subseries: I.1 General, 1970-2011; I.2 Students, 1967-1992; and I.3 Non-Students, 1974-1991. Subseries I.1 General Correspondence is arranged alphabetically by either organization title or personal surname. I.2 Students, 1967-1992 contains alphabetically arranged correspondence concerning the advisement of individual students about such subjects as dissertation defense, orals and recommendation letters. Subseries I.3 Non-Students, 1974-1991 is arranged alphabetically and contains letters of recommendation for professional colleagues.

  • Series II. Course Materials, 1965-2006

    Series II. Course Materials, 1965-1995: This series is divided into two subseries and contains the academic courses taught by Dr. Zuckerman. Subseries II.1 Courses--Columbia University, 1965-1995 is arranged in roughly chronological order and contains such materials as course correspondence, examinations, reading lists and syllabi. Subseries II.2 Courses--Rockefeller University, 1978-2006 is arranged alphabetically and comprises professional correspondence and conference materials.

  • Series III. Professional Career, 1942-2014

    III. Professional Career, 1942-2014: Series III is arranged into two subseries. Subseries III.1 Sociology Department, 1942-1993 is organized in overall chronological order and provides a complete picture of Dr. Zuckerman's leadership as chair of the Sociology Department from 1978 to 1982). Archival materials include correspondence about such matters as curriculum development and course evaluation, departmental budgets, executive committee discussions, and faculty recruitment. Subseries III.2 Affiliations, 1954-2014 is arranged generally in alphabetical order and comprises the professional organizations that Professor Zuckerman was deeply engaged in such as the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences, Guggenheim Foundation, National Academy of Sciences (NAS), Social Science Research Council, and the SIAM Institute for Mathematics and Society.

  • Series IV. Research, 1957-2007

    Series IV. Research, 1957-2007: Series IV is arranged in rough chronological order. The series begins with Dr. Zuckerman's first research project her dissertation, Nobel Laureates in the United States: A Sociological Study of Scientific Collaboration (1964). The dissertation research files include applications for graduate fellowships, dissertation defense files, revision files with Professor Zuckerman's thoughts about revision and interview code books for her conversations with Nobel laureates. In addition, this series contains files related to the collaborative research investigations undertaken with her professional colleagues Jonathan R. Cole and Robert K. Merton.

  • Series V. Writings, 1887-2005

    Series V. Writings, 1887-2005: This series is delineated into six subseries arranged chronologically by publication date. These subseries are: V.1 Books, 1901-2005; V.2 Books--Edited Volumes and Chapters, 1930-1989; V.3 Articles, 1887-1994; V.4 Book Reviews and Press Mentions, 1950-1988; V.5 Refereeing: Articles, Books and Research, 1951-1987; and V.6 Invitations to Publish, 1964-1978.

  • Series VI. Biographical--Personal, 1954-2010

    VI. Biographical--Personal, 1954-2010: This series is arranged in two subseries: VI.1 Biographical, 1954-1991 and VI.2 Personal, 1990-2010. Subseries VI.1 Biographical, 1954-1991 begins with Dr. Zuckerman's CV and biographical listing files. After these files, this subseries is divided into two parts Vassar College, 1954-1958 and Columbia University, 1959-1964, which encompass Professor Zuckerman's notes and notebooks during her undergraduate and graduate studies. Subseries VI.2 Personal, 1990-2010 contains files concerning Dr. Robert K. Merton such as his archives, Columbia University accounts, memorial service files, and publication projects.

Using the Collection

Rare Book and Manuscript Library

Restrictions on Access

You will need to make an appointment in advance to use this collection material in the Rare Book and Manuscript Library reading room. You can schedule an appointment once you've submitted your request through your Special Collections Research Account.

Some files will be restricted for forty years due to confidentiality concerns, and only made available with the written consent of the donor. Please contact rbml@columbia.edu for more information.

This collection is located off-site.

Terms Governing Use and Reproduction

Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. The RBML maintains ownership of the physical material only. Copyright remains with the creator and his/her heirs. The responsibility to secure copyright permission rests with the patron.

Preferred Citation

Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Harriet Zuckerman Paper; Box and Folder; Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Columbia University Library.

Selected Related Material

Robert K. Merton papers, 1928-2003 bulk 1943-2001 [MS#1439]


Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. Contact rbml@columbia.edu for more information.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

2013.2014.M198: Source of acquisition--[source of acquisition]. Method of acquisition--Gift; Date of acquisition--6/11/2013.

About the Finding Aid / Processing Information

Columbia University Libraries, Rare Book and Manuscript Library

Processing Information

Collection-level record describing unprocessed material made public in summer 2018 as part of the Hidden Collections initiative. Papers processed by Christopher M. Laico (January-June, 2019).

Revision Description

2022-01-06 Expired restriction removed. kws

Subject Headings

The subject headings listed below are found in this collection. Links below allow searches at Columbia University through the Archival Collections Portal and through CLIO, the catalog for Columbia University Libraries, as well as ArchiveGRID, a catalog that allows users to search the holdings of multiple research libraries and archives.

All links open new windows.


Heading "CUL Archives:"
"CUL Collections:"
"Nat'l / Int'l Archives:"
Personal papers Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID


Heading "CUL Archives:"
"CUL Collections:"
"Nat'l / Int'l Archives:"
Andrew W. Mellon Foundation Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences (Stanford, Calif.) Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Cole, Jonathan R. Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Columbia University -- Faculty Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Columbia University. Bureau of Applied Social Research Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Elkana, Yehuda, 1934-2012 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Lederberg, Joshua Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Merton, Robert King, 1910-2003 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Nobel Prizes Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Social sciences Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Sociology Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Sociology -- Research Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Women in science Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Zuckerman, Harriet Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID

History / Biographical Note

Biographical / Historical

Harriet Anne Zuckerman, PhD was born in New York City. She was the daughter of Harry Zuckerman, MD, a diplomat of the American Board of Pediatrics, professor of pediatrics at the French and Polyclinic Medical School and Health Center, and Director of the Medical Arts Hospital. Her mother Anne Weiner Zuckerman was a registered nurse.

Dr. Zuckerman received her A.B. degree with honors from Vassar College (1958) and her masters and Ph.D. degrees from Columbia University (1965), where she was a Woodrow Wilson Fellow (1958-59).

She began her academic career at Barnard College, New York City as a Lecturer in Sociology, (1964-65). From 1965 to 1972, she was an Assistant Professor at Columbia University and Project Director at Bureau of Applied Social Research. Dr. Zuckerman was an Associate Professor from 1972 to 1978. Beginning in 1978, she became a full Professor of Sociology. She also chaired the Sociology department in the period 1978-1982. In 1991, Professor Zuckerman joined the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, of which she is the Senior Vice President. Zuckerman's research has focused on the social organization of science and scholarship. She is the author of the 1977 book, Scientific Elite: Nobel Laureates in the United States. This book, in addition to being a study of the scientific elite, constitutes a fascinating introduction to the phenomenon of multiple discoveries, particularly in science and technology. Its findings, particularly in relation to "accumulation of advantage", are relevant to the question of eminence, exceptional achievement, and greatness. Zuckerman was married to the late sociologist of science, Robert K. Merton. Merton credited Zuckerman with discovering the Matilda effect a bias against acknowledging the achievements of those women scientists whose work is attributed to their male colleagues. Zuckerman is also the co-author of the Matthew effect. The Matthew effect, which takes its name from the Parable of the talents or minas in the biblical Gospel of Matthew, can be observed in many aspects of life and fields of activity. It is sometimes summarized by the adage "the rich get richer and the poor get poorer." The concept is applicable to matters of fame or status, but may also be applied literally to cumulative advantage of economic capital.

In addition to her groundbreaking research on scientific elites, Dr. Zuckerman has also written collaboratively with Yehuda Elkana and Joshua Lederberg in the volume, Toward a Metric of Science: The Advent of Science Indicators (Wiley, 1978); (Editor with Roberta B. Miller, and contributor) Science Indicators: Implications for Research and Policy ( Social Science Research Council, 1980); (Editor with Jonathan R. Cole and John T. Bruer) The Outer Circle: Women in the Scientific Community (Norton, 1991).

Work represented in anthologies, in turn, include: Surveying Social Life: Papers in Honor of Herbert H. Hyman, edited by Hubert J. O'Gorman, Wesleyan University Press, 1988; Handbook of Sociology, edited by Neil Smelser, Sage Publications, 1988; and Creativity and Discovery in Biomedical Sciences, edited by K. McNaughton, Royal Society of Medicine, 1991.

Dr. Zuckerman has also contributed articles and reviews to such periodicals as Science Digest, Nature, Scientific American and the World Book Encyclopedia. She has been a member of editorial board, American Sociological Review, 1971-74 and 1987--, American Journal of Sociology, 1972-74 and 1977- 79, Values and Ethics in Health Care, 1972-86, Social Sciences Citation Index, 1972--, Scientometrics, 1977--, Sociological Inquiry, 1981-89, Science, 1985-86, Knowledge and Society, 1986--,Scientific Prospect, 1986--, and Science, Technology, and Human Values, 1988--.

Dr. Zuckerman has also served with distinction as: Dean's Distinguished Lecturer at College of Physicians and Surgeons (1982), Chair of the Sociology Department (1978-82). Sigma Xi, National Lecturer (1975-76); Rockefeller University, adjunct member of faculty, beginning 1979; Harvard Medical School, Kass Lecturer (1984); University of Notre Dame, Exxon Series Lecturer (1986); Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Nicholas C. Mullins Lecturer (1989). Social Science Research Council, member of board of directors (1974-76); Annual Reviews, Inc., member of board of directors, beginning 1974; Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences, member of board of trustees, 1976-81 and 1982-88, vice-chair, 1979-81 and 1990-92; SIAM Institute for Mathematics and Society, member of board of directors (1980-87); ISI Press, member of board of directors, beginning 1985; John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation, member of educational advisory board, 1986--, member of selection committee, beginning 1988; Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, senior adviser, beginning 1989, vice-president, beginning 1991. International Union for the History and Philosophy of Science, member of Commission for Science Policy Studies (1971-74); Conference Board of Associated Research Councils, co-chair of Advisory Committee on the Study of the Quality of Doctoral Research Programs (1972-78); National Science Foundation, member of Advisory Committee on Ethical and Human Value Implications of Science and Technology (1973-77); Social Science Research Council, member of Advisory Committee on Social Indicators (1974-78); member of Committee on Scholarly Communication With the People's Republic of China (1979-81); American Council of Learned Societies, member of advisory committee, American Studies Program (1980-82); National Academy of Sciences, member of Government-University-Industry Roundtable, beginning 1987, member of film committee, beginning 1988; member of Planning Group on Initiatives for Improving the Representation of Women in Science and Engineering, a joint committee of the National Research Council and National Academy of Sciences (1988). American Savings Bank, member of board of directors and Consultant to American Institute of Physics.

Over the course of her professional career, Dr. Zuckerman has been the recipient of many honors including being named a Woodrow Wilson Fellow (1958-59); a visiting scholar at the Russell Sage Foundation (1971-72) and (1985-87); a Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences Fellow (1973-74); an American Association for the Advancement of Science Fellow (1979); a Guggenheim Fellow (1981-82); and an American Academy of Arts and Sciences Fellow (1985).

She is also a longstanding member of the International Sociological Association (member of board of directors, Research Committee on the Sociology of Science (1982-86), American Association for the Advancement of Science (member of board of directors (1980-84); member of executive committee (1981-84); chair of Section on Social and Economic Science (1989-92)), American Sociological Association (member of council, 1981-84), Council on Foreign Relations, Society for the Social Study of Science (president (1989-91)), Sociological Research Association (fellow), Women's Forum (member of board of directors (1989-91)), Eastern Sociological Association.