Rare Book & Manuscript Library
 

Henry Schneider papers, 1945-1946

Summary Information

Abstract

The Schneider collection holds the work of Henry Schneider (1910-1998) who served as a Deputy Chief under Colonel Bernard Bernstein, Director, Finance Division, Individuals' External Assets Branch, Division of Investigation of Cartels and External Assets (DICEA). As a deputy chief, Schneider was primarily engaged in identifying the economic assets of, accumulating evidence about and conducting interrogations against Nazi organizations and war criminals. The one box collection (0.5 linear feet) holds interrogation transcripts of Nazi officers (including Hermann Goering and Joachim von Ribbentrop), the testimony of Orvis A. Schmidt, Director of Foreign Funds Control, U.S. Treasury Department, before Senator Harley M. Kilgore's Subcommittee on German Espionage of the Senate Military Affairs Committee, and many of the reports produced by DICEA for the Military Tribunals in Nuremberg.

At a Glance

Call No.: MS#1677
Bib ID 10392013 View CLIO record
Creator(s) Schneider, Henry
Title Henry Schneider papers, 1945-1946
Physical Description .42 linear feet (1 document box)
Language(s) English .
Access

This collection is located off-site.

This collection has no restrictions.

Arrangement

Arrangement

Material is arranged into two series.

Description

Summary

The Schneider collection holds the work of Henry Schneider (1910-1998) who served as a Deputy Chief under Colonel Bernard Bernstein, Director, Finance Division, Individuals' External Assets Branch, Division of Investigation of Cartels and External Assets (DICEA). As a deputy chief, Schneider was primarily engaged in identifying the economic assets of, accumulating evidence about and conducting interrogations against Nazi organizations and war criminals. The one box collection (0.5 linear feet) holds interrogation transcripts of Nazi officers (including Hermann Goering and Joachim von Ribbentrop), the testimony of Orvis A. Schmidt, Director of Foreign Funds Control, U.S. Treasury Department, before Senator Harley M. Kilgore's Subcommittee on German Espionage of the Senate Military Affairs Committee, and many of the reports produced by DICEA for the Military Tribunals in Nuremberg.

Using the Collection

Rare Book and Manuscript Library

Restrictions on Access

This collection is located off-site.

This collection has no restrictions.

Terms Governing Use and Reproduction

Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. The RBML maintains ownership of the physical material only. Copyright remains with the creator and his/her heirs. The responsibility to secure copyright permission rests with the patron.

Preferred Citation

Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Henry Schneider Papers; Box and Folder; Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Columbia University Library.

Ownership and Custodial History

Gift of Henry Schneider's wife, Mrs. Jacqueline B. Schneider in 1999.

About the Finding Aid / Processing Information

Columbia University Libraries, Rare Book and Manuscript Library

Processing Information

Papers processed Chris Laico 2000.

Fidning aid written Craig Savino 2009.

Revision Description

2013-10-02 File created.

2019-05-20 EAD was imported spring 2019 as part of the ArchivesSpace Phase II migration.

Subject Headings

The subject headings listed below are found in this collection. Links below allow searches at Columbia University through the Archival Collections Portal and through CLIO, the catalog for Columbia University Libraries, as well as ArchiveGRID, a catalog that allows users to search the holdings of multiple research libraries and archives.

All links open new windows.

Genre/Form

Heading "CUL Archives:"
"Portal"
"CUL Collections:"
"CLIO"
"Nat'l / Int'l Archives:"
"ArchivedGRID"
Reports Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID

Subject

Heading "CUL Archives:"
"Portal"
"CUL Collections:"
"CLIO"
"Nat'l / Int'l Archives:"
"ArchivedGRID"
Armed forces -- Lawyers Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Cartels -- Germany Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Göring, Hermann, 1893-1946 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Industries -- Germany Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Nuremberg Trial of Major German War Criminals, Nuremberg, Germany, 1945-1946 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Ribbentrop, Joachim von, 1893-1946 Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Rohm and Haas Company Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
United States. Army -- Lawyers Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
World War, 1939-1945 -- Confiscations and contributions -- Germany Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID

History / Biographical Note

Biographical / Historical

Henry Schneider (1910-1998) served in the United States Army from September 1942 to October 1945. The Henry Schneider Collection documents his service as an U.S. Army officer immediately after World War II. Schneider served as a Deputy Chief under Colonel Bernard Bernstein (1908-1990), Director, Finance Division, Individuals' External Assets Branch, Division of Investigation of Cartels and External Assets (DICEA). As a deputy chief, Schneider was primarily engaged in identifying the economic assets of, accumulating evidence about and conducting interrogations against Nazi organizations and war criminals.

Henry Schneider was born in Brooklyn, New York on April 18, 1910. He pursued his undergraduate education at the College of the City of New York (A.B. 1931). Schneider attended the Columbia University Law School, where he served as a distinguished member of the Board of Editors of the Columbia Law Review (1932-1934) and received his J.D. degree with honors in 1934.

After his army service, Henry Schneider rejoined the firm of Moses & Singer LLP, where he had begun his legal career in 1934. At Moses & Singer, Schneider specialized in tax, trust and estate law, and corporate law. Schneider was known to his partners and legal colleagues as an exemplar of the attorney as counselor bringing a rare combination of uncommon good sense and extraordinary legal acumen to all who were fortunate enough to receive his counsel.

Throughout his life, Henry Schneider remained active in philanthropy. As President of the Henry and Lucy Moses Fund (1942-1998) and as a long-time advisor to the noted philanthropist Lucy G. Moses, he made matchless contributions to the welfare of New York City and its residents. He was a member of the Board of Trustees of the Elaine Kaufman Cultural Center and played a major role in the creation of the Lucy Moses School for Music and Dance. Schneider was also a Trustee of the Central Park Conservancy and a pioneer in efforts to improve Central Park. He was a lifelong supporter of Columbia University and instrumental in the creation of the Chairs now held by the Deans of Columbia College and the Columbia Law School. Many other organizations also benefited from his charitable efforts such as the Montefiore Medical Center, Mount Sinai Medical Center, UJA-Federation and AIDS charities.

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Series I: Schmidt Testimony, 1945



Box 1 Folder 1 Statement of Orvis A. Schmidt, Director of Foreign Funds Control, U.S. Treasury Department before U.S. Senator (Dem., W.Va.), Harley M. Kilgore's Subcommittee on German Espionage of the Senate Military Affairs Committee., Jul 2, 1945

Series II: Finance Division, Individuals' External Assets Branch, Division of Investigation of Cartels and External Assets (DICEA),, 1945-1946


Box 1 Folder 2 Some Leads on German Foreign Exchange Agencies, Headquarters, U.S. Forces, European Theater, Office of Military Government (U.S. Zone), Individuals' External Assets Branch, Finance Division., Undated


Box 1 Folder 3 Interim Report on the investigation of Rahm & Haas, GmbH, Darmstadt, Headquarters, U.S. Forces, European Theater, G-5 Division, Financial Branch., Aug 31, 1945


Box 1 Folder 4 Report on Ford Werke Aktiengesellschaft. Headquarters, U.S. Forces, European Theater, G-5 Division, Financial Branch., Sep 5, 1945


Box 1 Folder 5 Interim Report and Recommendations. Office of Military Government (Germany) U.S. Division of Investigation of Cartels and External Assets. Zone., Nov 28, 1945


Box 1 Folder 6 Transcript of Record of Interrogation of Hermann Goering, Palace of Justice, Nuremberg., Dec 22, 1945


Box 1 Folder 7 Report on External Assets of Hermann Goering. Headquarters, U.S. Forces, European Theater, Office of Military Government (U.S Zone), Finance Division, Individuals' External Assets Branch., Undated


Box 1 Folder 8 Transcript of Record of Interrogation of Joachim von Ribbentrop, Palace of Justice, Nuremberg., Dec 27, 1945


Box 1 Folder 9 Preliminary Report on the Ribbentrop External Assets Investigation. Headquarters, U.S. Forces, European Theater, Office of Military Government (U.S Zone), Finance Division, Individuals' External Assets Branch., Undated


Box 1 Folder 10 Preliminary Report on the External Assets of Heinrich Himmler. Headquarters, U.S. Forces, European Theater, Office of Military Government (U.S Zone), Finance Division, Individuals' External Assets Branch. XX, Undated


Box 1 Folder 11 Preliminary Report on External Assets of Ernst Kaltenbrunner. Headquarters, U.S. Forces, European Theater, Office of Military Government (U.S Zone), Individuals' External Assets Branch., Undated


Box 1 Folder 12 Preliminary Report on External Assets of Walter Schellenberg. Headquarters, U.S. Forces, European Theater, Office of Military Government (U.S Zone), Finance Division, Individuals' External Assets Branch., Undated


Box 1 Folder 13 Preliminary Report on External Assets of RSHA [Reichssicherheitshauptamt - Reich Security Office]. Plus Appendices A-HH. Headquarters, U.S. Forces, European Theater, Office of Military Government (U.S. Zone), Finance Division, Individuals' External Assets Branch., Undated


Box 1 Folder 14 Final Report and Recommendations. Headquarters, U.S. Forces, European Theater, Office of Military Government (U.S. Zone), Finance Division, Individuals' External Assets Branch., Feb 8, 1946