C.V. Starr East Asian Library
 

The Makino Mamoru Collection on the History of East Asian Film, 1863-2015, bulk 1920s-1990s

Summary Information

Abstract

Over the course of fifty years, the former documentary filmmaker Makino Mamoru (1930-) developed an extensive collection on the history of East Asian film, which covers the history of Japanese cinema spanning over a hundred years. The collection as a whole contains approximately 80,000 items, and focuses on print materials. The materials cover various film events and festivals across multiple genres of films: experimental films, educational films, documentary films, news films, amateur films, and animated films, among many others. The collection contains books, correspondences, handbills, magazines, manuscripts, newspapers, notes, photographs, postcards, posters, scripts/scenarios, slides, glass plate negatives, video cassettes, and other printed materials.

At a Glance

Bib ID 7755896 View CLIO record
Creator(s) Makino, Mamoru, 1930- ; Kamei, Fumio, 1908-1987 ; Kishi, Matsuo, 1906-1985 ; Ikeda, Tadao, 1905-1964 ; Kume, Masao, 1891-1952 ; C.V. Starr East Asian Library (Columbia University)
Title The Makino Mamoru Collection on the History of East Asian Film, 1863-2015, bulk 1920s-1990s
Physical Description 370.11 linear feet (370.11 linear feet 743 boxes)
Language(s) Predominantly in Japanese, some English, Chinese and Korean.
Access

This collection is available for use by qualified readers in the Rare Book and Special Collections Reading Room, C.V. Starr East Asian Library at Columbia University. Much of the collection is maintained in off-site storage. This may be retrieved with advance notification only; for further details, please consult the C.V. Starr East Asian Library staff.

Arrangement

Arrangement

This collection is arranged in twenty two series and several subseries as well as sub-subseries. The physical organization reflects the original order; the finding aid reflects its intellectual arrangement by topic. Series I: Director Files, 1932-2005; Series II: Critic Files, 1929-1998; Series III: Film-related Individuals' Files, 1863-2002 [Bulk Dates: 1900s-1950s]; Series IV: Film Production Company Files (Studio Files), 1920-1995; Series V: Scenarios, 1923-1990; Series VI: Subject Files, 1908-2006; Series VII: East Asian (Pre- and Post-War), 1923-2006; Series VIII: Okinawan Cinema, 1999-2004; Series IX: Western Cinema (Pre- and Post-War), 1918-2003; Series X: Pre-War and Wartime Magazines, 1913-1981 [Bulk Dates:1930s]; Series XI: Post-War Magazines, 1945-2004; Series XII: Movie Theater Handbills/Chirashi (Meiji, Taishō and early Shōwa periods), circa 1870-1968; Series XIII: Handbills/Chirashi for Vaudeville Shows and Revues, 1915-1976; Series XIV: Post-War Ephemera, 1949-2007 [Bulk Dates: 1970s-1990s]; Series XV: Museums, Exhibitions, and Film Catalogs, 1920-2005 [Bulk Dates: 1980s-1990s]; Series XVI: Film Festival Materials, 1955-2006 [Bulk Dates:1990s-2000s]; Series XVII: Photos and Posters, 1911-1987 [Bulk Dates:1920-1940]; Series XVIII: Newspapers, 1926-1988 [Bulk Dates:1940s-1950s]; Series XIX: Silent Film Materials, 1967-2002; Series XX: Audio-Visual Materials, circa 1980s-2000s; Series XXI: Other Film Related Materials and Books, 1891-1996; Series XXII: Makino Mamoru Papers, circa 1970s-2015.

Description

Scope and Content

The collector, a former documentary filmmaker and film researcher Makino Mamoru/牧野守, developed an unparalleled collection on the history of East Asian film in North America and beyond. The collection is extensive, and it covers the history of Japanese cinema that spans over a hundred years. The collection as a whole contains approximately 80,000 items, and focuses on print materials related to Japanese films that Makino collected over the course of fifty years. Makino began collecting materials related to Japanese documentary films, but later expanded his collection to cover film theory, movements, censorship, and other non-film materials.

The materials cover various film events and festivals across multiple genres of films: experimental films, educational films, documentary films, news films, amateur films, and animated films, among many others. It also contains printed material on subjects not specifically concerning film but related to film history such as theater, political movements, literature and television. The collection contains books, correspondences, handbills, magazines, manuscripts, newspapers, notes, photographs, postcards, posters, scripts/scenarios, slides, glass plate negatives, videocassettes, and other printed materials. Especially, the collection includes a number of film scripts- many of which are handwritten, film company documents, and film ephemera which date back to the early twentieth century when books, critical reviews about cinema, and film culture proliferated.

The collection holds the full runs of commercially published major film magazines and many issues of harder to obtain minor film publications. There are major pre-war film magazines, many of which were part of the collection of actor/director Kinugasa Teinosuke/衣笠貞之助, as well as harder to obtain self-published coterie magazines (dōjinshi/ 同人誌), university film research journals, amateur film and small-gauge film (kogata eiga/ 小型映画) publications. The amateur magazines covering small-gauge cameras are not found in libraries even in Japan. There are also photographs and albums once belonging to cameramen such as Miki Shigeru/三木茂 and Kikuchi Shū/菊池周, along with materials related to the films they worked on with the documentary filmmaker Kamei Fumio/亀井文夫. There are also company documents from major Japanese film production companies including Nikkatsu/日活, Shōchiku松竹, Tōei/東映, Daiei/大映, with the majority of the documents from Tōhō/東宝, which includes P.C.L. or Photo Chemical Laboratories. The collection also includes the personal collections of critic and screenwriter Kishi Matsuo/岸松雄, directors Inoue Kintaro/井上金太郎 and Ikeda Tadao/池田忠雄, playwright/novelist Kume Masao/久米正雄, film critics Tanaka Jun'ichiro/田中純一郎, Iwasaki Akira/岩崎昶, Iijima Tadashi/飯島正, and Yodogawa Nagaharu/淀川長治, amongst others.

Furthermore, the ephemera portion within the collection includes many pre-war handbills and programs from more than 70 regional movie theaters mostly located in Tokyo. In addition, it includes thousands of post-war film programs and fliers of not only Japanese film ephemera, but a great selection of materials on foreign films. The foreign film materials include items related to imported films from Poland, the Soviet Union, Sweden, West Germany, Yugoslavia, among many others; in addition to a great number of American, British, French and Italian film ephemera. Although the ephemera collection only represents a small part of the entire Makino Collection, it forms the largest of its kind outside of Japan.

Although mainly a collection of Japanese film materials, the Makino Collection also has its film sources from China, Taiwan, the former colony of Manchuria, Russia, and South Korea. There are also a myriad of materials related to Western cinema and its stars, including Charlie Chaplin, who inspired Makino's passion for cinema in the first place.

  • Series I: Director Files

    Series I contains the journal articles, newspaper articles, scrapbooks, storyboards, photographs, programs, fliers, and some scenarios for films pertaining to specific directors all organized by Makino Mamoru under each director's name. Also included are articles written by Makino and other authors about specific directors and their films, interviews, and printed material. Subseries I.17 are files of the above items related to the named directors in alphabetical order by family name.

    Also note there are some directors without files in Series I, but with materials in other parts of the collection. For example, for materials related to Imamura Shōhei/今村昌平, see Series XI: Post-War Magazines, for Shimazu Shōichi/島津昇一 who has a photo album, see Series XVII: Photos and Posters, for Ikeda Yoshinobu/池田義信 who has several files and photographs in the censorship section, see Subseries VI.5: Subject Files: Censorship, and for Teshigahara Hiroshi/勅使河原宏 who has an exhibition catalog in the experimental film section, Subseries VI.7: Subject Files: Documentary Film Materials. In addition, the Kishi Matsuo/岸松雄 Collection can be found in Subseries II.4: Critic Files: Kishi Matsuo. See also Kinugasa Teinosuke/衣笠貞之助 materials that were in the possession of Kume Masao in Film-related Individuals' Files (Subseries III.7). Additional books by or related to these directors in the Makino Collection can be found by searching the Columbia University Libraries online catalog.

  • Series II: Critic Files

    This series contains scrapbooks of photocopied articles, books, and manuscripts, many written by the individual film critics whose materials Makino collected. Some are autographed. There are also materials by critics for which there aren't specific files. Materials written by critic Satō Tadao/佐藤忠男, for example, can be found dispersed throughout the Makino Collection and many of his monographs can be found in the Columbia University Libraries online catalog. See Subseries XI.1: Post-War Magazines: Film Magazines, for publications edited by Satō, including Eigashi kenkyū/映画史研究/The Study of the History of the Cinema.

  • Series III: Film-Related Individuals' Files, 1863-2012 [Bulk Dates: 1900s-1950s]

    Series III contains materials for individuals who worked on films or wrote about them, but weren't mainly directors or film critics. These include cameramen or film theorists, actors, and screenwriters.

    For Kōno Toraichi/高野虎市 (Charlie Chaplin's Secretary), see Charlie Chaplin related materials in Subseries IX.1: Western (Pre- and Post-War): Charlie Chaplin. For correspondence and diaries of Nichiei cameraman, Taguchi Shūji/田口修治, see Subseries VI.14: Subject Files: Occupation Period Materials. Individuals without their own series have been collected in Subseries III.17.

  • Series IV: Film Production Company Files (Studio Files)

    The term film production company refers here to companies that produce films (a.k.a. film studios/satsueijo/撮影所). The series is arranged in 5 subseries: (1) Nikkatsu/日活, (2) Shōchiku/松竹, (3) Tōei/東映 and Daiei/大映, (4) Tōhō/東宝 (which includes P.C.L. or Photo Chemical Laboratories) and (5) Independent film companies/独立系映画会社. The bulk of materials are in the Tōhō/東宝 section, subseries 4. All subseries in this series are in alphabetical order except for the Tōhō/東宝 subseries 4, which retained the general grouping of materials found in the Makino files. They are ordered by subject in the scope content notes and in alphabetical order within each subject. The files from production company Tōhō/東宝 May have once belonged to Iwashita Ichirō/岩下一郎 (head of General Affairs in the main office of Tōhō in the 1940s). Papers in the Tōhō files are addressed to Iwamoto. The show and distribution related materials include some materials from the Kume Masao Collection.

    See also, Subseries III.7: Film-related Individuals' Files: Kume Masao/久米正雄 for production company notices/postcards that were addressed to and owned by Kume Masao. For handbills and programs relating to the specific production companies, see Series XII: Movie Theater Handbills/ Chirashi, which includes some notes as to the production companies in the scope contents. See also in Subseries XII.17: Movie Theater Handbills/ Chirashi: Movie Theater Labor Dispute Materials/労働争議資料 for personnel documents related to film studios that concern theater personnel. For materials related to the film production company, Nippon Eigasha/日本映画社/Nichiei, see Subseries VI.22: Subject Files: Wartime (Asia-Pacific) Materials. For newsletters and promotional documents of film production companies during the post-war Occupation period, see Sub-subseries VI.14.6: Subject Files: Occupation Period Materials: Production Company Promotional Materials. For materials relating to production companies that focused on documentary films, including Kyōdō Eiga/共同映画, see Subseries VI.7: Subject Files: Documentary Film Materials. For materials from the post-war film production company, Miki Film Company/Miki Eigasha/三木映画社, see Subseries III.8: Film-related Individuals' Files: Miki Shigeru/三木茂.

  • Series V: Scenarios

    Many of the scenarios are handwritten or contain handwritten notes on them. Please note that there are some items in Series V that are not scenarios, but are related to the scenarios. These May be, for example, set diagrams, drawings for costumes, scrapbooks, photographs, postcards or other such things that Makino kept with the related scenarios. We have maintained Makino's organization. In addition, there are also a few published scenarios located in Series I: Director Files that concern the specific Directors in whose files they are found. For example, see Mizoguchi Kenji's/溝口健二 scenario of Naniwa onna/浪花女. Or, the documentary filmmaker Kamei Fumio's/亀井文夫 scenarios of Fujisan/富士山, Minna ikinakereba naranai/みんな生きなければならない, and Tatakau heitai/戦う兵隊, all filed with the Director files and not in the Scenarios series.

    There are also photocopied excerpts from scenarios in the Director Files as well; these include those by Ozu Yasujirō/小津安二郎. Since this series contains some scenarios that were never made into films, dates are noted if they appear on the scenarios and not by film production date. Scenarios that may have been produced but do not have a date listed on it are also shown as "undated" in the Excel file.

    In addition, there are many published scenarios in book form that have been cataloged for the general stacks that originally came from the Makino Collection. Search the Columbia University Libraries online catalog for these scenarios as well as books about scenarios or the collections of various screenwriters.

  • Series VI: Subject Files

    This series has 22 subseries arranged in alphabetical order by subject. The subjects contain a variety of formats from magazines to fliers, pamphlets, and documents.

  • Series VII: East Asian (Pre-and Post-War)

    For film festivals about or in East Asian countries see Subseries XVI.2: Film Festival Materials: Japanese and International Film Festivals, which contain film festival materials in alphabetical order by name of festival.

  • Series VIII: Okinawan Cinema

    This series contains Okinawa culture, history, tourist, and film related materials, many of them gathered during or related to Makino's visits to Okinawa, starting in the period of the U.S. Occupation of Okinawa (1945-1972). Two binders in the collection were labeled "USECA" for USCAR or United States Civil Administration of the Ryūkyū Islands (琉球列島米国民政府) period. The USCAR materials remain divided into 2 files (See Makino's article on the period, "Occupation Rule During the USCAR Era and Media Censorship"/「米民政府(USCAR)期の占領政策とメディア統制」 in Ryukyu Reflections Nexus of Borders, program for the Yamagata International Documentary Film Festival 2003).

    In 1965 Makino worked on the scripts and direction of the project, Core Industry of Okinawa/Okinawa no Kikan Sangyo/沖縄の基幹産業 that was produced by USCAR. He made a series of television documentaries on local industries in Okinawa, for which the original customs and immigration documents he received from the Government of Japan are also included in this series as personal papers. The production materials include TV production documents such as scenarios, synopses, original manuscripts for narration (ナレーション原稿), production budgets, and other company documents for the local industries. These industries include: iron manufacturing, condiments, gas, shoemaking, building materials, chemicals, sugar manufacturing, apparel, flour milling, tobacco, and sake brewing.

    There are also research materials for talks and roundtable discussions with local Okinawan film researcher Yamazato Masato/山里将人. Scrapbooks of newspaper article clippings and notebooks created by Makino are also included here. This series also contains Okinawa archive/library information, catalogs, guidebooks, maps, magazines (organized in alphabetical order by title), Okinawan music (15 vinyl 45rpms), Japanese government publications/newspapers such as Minami to kita/南と北 and other newspapers. There are postcards, film festival programs, 1 music reel, and scenarios, as well as items specifically related to or acquired by Makino during his visit to Okinawa for the Yamagata International Documentary Film Festival materials on Okinawa (YIDFF) in October and November 2003.

    Maps of Okinawa and a poster (exhibit of Gasuku/ガスク at the Okinawa Prefectural Museum and Art Museum) are stored in the East Asian Special Collections. For photo albums related to the film about Okinawan nurses during WWII, Himeyuri no tō/ひめゆりの塔, see Series XVII: Photos and Posters. Monographs related to Okinawa can be searched in the Columbia University Libraries online catalog.

  • Series IX: Western Cinema (Pre-and Post-War)

    This series contains items that are about Western cinema, many in Western languages and, in some cases, in Western languages about Japanese cinema. Subseries IX.1 contains materials related to Charlie Chaplin (Charles Spencer Chaplin, 1889-1977), the British comic actor and filmmaker, who visited Japan several times and whose assistant, Kōno Toraichi/高野虎市 (1885-1971), was Japanese.

    Other famous actors, like Marilyn Monroe (1926-1962) and Shirley Temple (1928-2014) have their material kept with North American cinema. For calendars and posters of Marilyn Monroe, see Subseries XVII.5 Photos and Posters: Cinema Posters. Subseries IX.2, IX.3, and IX.4 are organized by geographic area (North America, Europe and Oceania) and country. This series includes Western film magazines under Subseries IX.2, North American cinema, unless they were published in European countries and are therefore archived with those materials, Subseries IX.3.

    Some of the magazines and catalogs in this series were owned by film critic Satō Tadao/佐藤忠男 (1930-) as indicated by correspondence to Satō found with the items. This includes correspondence from the American-born author of Japan, Donald Richie (1924-2013) to Satō, which accompanied Richie's film catalog for the Museum of Modern Art (MOMA). For film magazines in Japanese, See Subseries X.1: Pre-War and Wartime Magazines: Film Magazines, and Subseries XI.1: Post-War Magazines: Film Magazines.

    For English language songbooks from Walt Disney's Mickey Mouse Club, see Subseries VI.16: Subject Files: Music Songbooks. This Series also has some materials related to Japanese and Western film collaborations, particularly German cinema history; these are found with German materials. For related materials, see materials for the 1937 Japanese and German collaborative film by Arnold Fanck and Itami Mansaku/伊丹万作, Atarashiki tsuchi/新しき土/New Earth, for which there is also a photo album in Series XVII: Photos and Posters.

  • Series X: Pre-War and Wartime Magazines, 1913-1994 [Bulk Dates: 1930s]

    This series contains original pre-war and wartime magazines as well as photocopies and clippings from magazines and newspapers that have been made into scrapbooks by an unknown compiler. Many of the pre-war magazines were formerly owned by Kinugasa Teinosuke/衣笠貞之助. Subseries X.1 contains film related magazines. Subseries X.2 contains non-film or general magazines, which May include subjects such as art, literature, theater. Subseries X.3 contains science and technology magazines, mainly popular science, including magazines for children. Subseries X.4 are scrapbooks with photocopied articles from pre-war magazines.

  • Series XI: Post-War Magazines

    This series covers post-war magazines related to film and culture. For film newspapers or film catalogs, see Series XV: Museums, Exhibitions and Film Catalogs. Magazines were also distributed throughout the collection series if they were most related to that particular subject. For example, magazines publishing documentary film related subjects are in Subseries VI.7: Subject Files: Documentary Film Materials, and amateur film magazines are in Subseries VI.1: Amateur Films, Small-Gauge Films.

  • Series XII: Movie Theater Handbills/ Chirashi (Meiji, Taishō and early Shōwa periods), circa

    This series contains pre-war fliers, pamphlets, programs, and weekly listings of film showings at movie theaters primarily during the pre-war period. Also included with many of the programs are newspaper clippings. The first file contains early Meiji handbills with some from the Taishō period (1920s) as organized by Makino. Files are then organized alphabetically by city, theater name, title (when known), and then number and date (This retains Makino's organization by location and theater name). The majority of fliers are from theaters in Tokyo (see Subseries XII.10: Movie Theater Handbills/ Chirashi: Tokyo). For these theaters, they are further organized alphabetically by location within the city of Tokyo: area of Tokyo, theater name, title, and then number and date. Some programs in this subseries are numbered and dated, while others are not numbered nor dated. The descriptions column includes the name of the film production company that managed the theater where known.

    In addition to the theater name, we have included the title of the publication, which means in some cases there are multiple folders per theater name (not 1 folder per theater name). Makino kept some handbills together based on region (ex. Kyūshū) with correspondence from theaters in the area or film production companies (ex. Nikkatsu) and kept them with local entertainment guides (Subseries VI.12: Local Film and Entertainment Guides. These have been moved to the end of this Series, Subseries XII.18: Movie Theater Handbills/ Chirashi: Regional Movie Theater Correspondence, Handbills and Additional Production Company Handbills. This series also contains an assortment of music fliers for films (Subseries XII.15: Movie Theater Handbills/ Chirashi: Other Handbills).

    For post-war fliers from the 1980s collected by Kobayashi Keizaburō/小林圭三郎, see Subseries I.6: Director Files: Kobayashi Keizaburō. Subseries XII.17 contains Movie Theater Labor Dispute Materials/労働争議資料, documents which concern movie theater personnel, but are also related to the production companies. For handbills for news films/news reels, see Subseries VI.7: Subject Files: Documentary Film Materials. For movie theater handbills for films promoted through G.H.Q.'s Central Motion Picture Exchange (CMPE), see Subseries VI.14: Subject Files: Occupation Period Materials. For pre-war handbills advertising films from film companies including Metro-Goldwyn-May er Pictures, Warner Brothers, United Artists, Paramount Pictures, Universal Pictures, MGM, and others, or for handbills from post-war films, See Subseries VI.6: Subject Files: Distribution and Entertainment Industry, Sub-subseries VI.6.3: Show Distribution materials. See Series XVIII: Newspapers for newspaper handbills for late 1930s films that are handbills but found with newspapers. For handbills from Chinese movie theaters in Manchuria and certain cities in China, see Subseries VII.2.1: East Asian (Pre-and Post-War): China (including Manchuria) movie theater handbills. Although not handbills, this series also contains some internal accounting documents from the movie theaters, including Tsukiji Gekijō/築地劇場 theater and noted in Excel file.

  • Series XIII: Handbills/Chirashi for Vaudeville Shows and Revues

    This series is arranged by subject or theater location and name for items that came from files entitled, "Kōgyō Bōdobiru kageki shō"/興行ボードビル歌劇ショー. Just as for Series XII, the majority of fliers are from theaters in Tokyo. For these theaters, they are further organized alphabetically by location within the city of Tokyo: area of Tokyo, Tokyo, theater name, title, and then number and date. Some programs in this subseries are numbered and dated, while others are not numbered nor dated. In some cases, the scope content/notes column includes the name of the production company that managed the theater. In addition to the theater name, we have included the title of the publication, which means in some cases there are multiple folders per theater name.

    In Subseries XIII.1, there are files for theaters that contain revue show handbills that May have the same name as theaters in Series XIII. Makino separated these handbills that are revue shows from the film or movie theater shows and we have maintained that division. For theater pamphlets relating to left-leaning theater troupes (Zenshinza, Tsukiji Shōgekijō/築地小劇場 and others), see Subseries VI.16: Subject Files: Proletarian Film (Prokino). For theater related programs, magazines, see Subseries VI.19 Theater (Pre-War).

  • Series XIV: Post-War Ephemera, 1949-2007 [Bulk Dates: 1970s-1990s]

    This series consists of post-war ephemera related to film and culture. The majority of the materials are contemporary film fliers and programs for original releases, special events, revivals and retrospectives in Japan, for both Japanese films (hōga/ 邦画) and foreign films (yōga/ 洋画). Makino grouped the materials by the country where the film was produced. During processing, this original grouping was maintained. Materials were obtained, donated, or otherwise purchased from secondhand and antiquarian book stores by Makino. The majority of materials, including foreign films, are of Japanese release. However, some materials were also obtained from each country where the films were shown. These objects are fliers, programs, ticket stubs, press kits, stills, serials that were issued by mini theaters/ mini shiatā/ ミニシアター, press sheets, leaflets, and lobby cards. There are also scrapbooks of newspaper clippings from the 1960s mainly film advertisements, in addition to several film review articles. The ephemera in this series are mainly film-related, but there are some non-film/Japanese theater-related materials as well.

    Some objects were relocated throughout the collection series if they were most related to that particular subject. For materials related to animated films such as Walt Disney, Tezuka Osamu, Miyazaki Hayao, and Studio Ghibli, see Subseries VI.2: Subject Files: Animated Films and Comics (Manga). For materials related to Western films, see also Series IX: Western Cinema (Pre-, Post-War). For film magazine supplements, see Subseries XI.1: Post-War Magazines: Film Magazines, and for all sorts of posters, including supplement posters from film magazines, see Subseries XVII.5: Photos and Posters: Cinema Posters. For materials related to film festivals, see Series XVI: Film Festival Materials. The materials are organized alphabetically by the name of festivals.

    While this series includes some film stills that were distributed at cinema previews, photo albums and individual commercial photographic portraits can be found in Series XVII: Photos and Posters. For further details, see the description of the series.

    Publications related to Japanese film ephemera in general, or that were issued in conjunction with film releases, were separated and individually cataloged. They are accessible via the Columbia University Libraries online catalog.

  • Series XV: Museums, Exhibitions and Film Catalogs, 1902-2005 [Bulk Dates: 1980s-1990s]

    This series contains catalogs from museums and libraries. Due to Makino's work for the Kawasaki City Museum, there are many materials from this particular Museum in his collection. Subseries XV.1 of this series contains items related to exhibitions, film showings, and retrospectives specifically at the Kawasaki City Museum. These include handbills, exhibit catalogs, and programs of film related events (film screenings, exhibitions) held at the Museum.

    For materials related to animation and the Kawasaki City Museum, see Subseries VI.2: Subject Files: Animated Films and Comics (Manga). For materials related to Okinawa and the Kawasaki City Museum exhibition in 1999 see Series VIII: Okinawan Cinema. Subseries XV.2 contains film and art related exhibitions at museums or other centers.

    It also includes symposia related publications from museums or other centers. Subseries XV.3 has film lists, library catalogs with film holdings, film related program and book catalogs or periodicals from antiquarian bookstores, and advertisements. For camera catalogs see also, Subseries VI.1: Subject Files: Amateur Films, Small-Gauge Films (Kogata eiga). Subseries VI.4 contains post-war film retrospectives other than those from the Kawasaki City Museum (which can be found in Subseries XV.1). Subseries XV.5 contains museum newsletters from the National Museum of Modern Art in Tokyo or Tokyo Kokuritsu Kindai Bijutsukan /東京国立近代美術館 and its National Film Center/フイルムセンター (NFC or FC).

    This series also contains 1 box of materials related to Expo '70, the World's Fair held in Osaka in 1970 (Osaka banpaku). This includes the World Exposition program and assorted publications listed in Subseries XV.2: Exhibitions Excel file (box 321).

    Subseries XV.6 contains scrapbooks of photocopied table of contents, articles, or holdings of film magazines in certain libraries in Japan, including the National Diet Library of Japan (NDL), the National Film Center (NFC), and others.

  • Series XVI: Film Festival Materials, 1955-2006 [Bulk Dates:1990s-2000s]

    This series contains film festival items including fliers on films and film screenings, festival schedules, official catalogs, reprint news digests, journals, programs and newspapers acquired during the various film festivals. Japanese and International Film Festival materials are kept together, except for the Tokyo International Film Festival and Yamagata International Documentary Film Festival, which both have their own subseries because of the large amount of materials in the Collection. This series also includes documentary film festivals' (YIDFF) materials and handwritten notes related to the festivals.

    For more on documentary film, see Subseries VI.7: Subject Files: Documentary Film Materials.

  • Series XVII: Photos and Posters, 1881-2003 [Bulk Dates:1920-1940]

    There are some photographs located with related materials in other parts of the Collection. For example, some photographs remain with the scenarios with which they were found. This includes the scenarios, Saiyūki/西遊記, Sekai saigo no hi/世界最後の日, and others; see Subseries V.3: Scenarios: Other Screenwriters/Directors. There are also some photographs of the director and producer Ikeda Yoshinobu/池田義信 located with Censorship materials in Subseries VI.5: Subject Files: Censorship. Photographs for the production of Makino related films can be found with related documents in Subseries XXII.6 pertaining to the films Nenokuni/根の国 and Taihei/太平 (box 666). Postcards can be found throughout the Makino Collection. For a postcard set from 48 of the "Tora-san" film series, Otoko wa Tsurai yo /男はつらいよ/It's Tough Being a Man, see box 361. There are over 150 posters in the collection.

  • Series XVIII: Newspapers, 1926-1988 [Bulk Dates:1940s-1950s]

    This series contains film newspapers from box 482~486, with Shūkan eiga puresu/週刊映画プレス/The Weekly Eiga Press in boxes 482-484 from 1953-1963. It also contains individual issues of film newspapers in boxes 485, 486, and large newspaper boxes 487-490 containing non-film newspaper titles that include selected issues from Tokyo Asahi shinbun/東京朝日新聞, Tokyo Nichi Nichi shinbun/東京日日新聞 and its special editions/ gōgai/ 号外, and Yomiuri shinbun/読売新聞. Box 509 contains Japanese and Korean language newspapers collected during the Pusan International Film Festival (1996); see Subseries XVI.2: Film Festival Materials: Japanese and International Film Festivals. For Yomiuri shinbun PR materials, see Subseries VI.6: Subject Files: Distribution and Entertainment Industry.

    The general newspapers cover significant events in Japanese history from 1931 until 1937. In particular, they cover The May 15 Incident of 1932 (五・一五事件 Goichigo Jiken) and The February 26 Incident of 1936 (二・二六事件 Ni-niroku jiken or "2-2-6 incident"). The items in this series are organized in alphabetical order by title of the newspaper publication.

    This series also contains reduced-size editions for the Ōsaka eiga kyōiku/大阪映画教育 newspaper, from 1971-1088 (box 679). Also contained in this series are large newspaper handbills for late 1930s films. See Series XII: Movie Theater Handbills/ Chirashi for more movie theater handbills (prewar). See Series XI: Post-War Magazines for additional titles related to mass media.

    For documents related to events during the war years, see Subseries VI.22: Subject Files: Wartime (Asia-Pacific) Materials. See also Subseries XIV.10: Post-War Ephemera: Newspaper Film Advertisements, Scrapbooks of Newspaper Clippings.

  • Series XIX: Silent Film Materials

    This series contains publications from the Musei Eiga Kanshōkai/無声映画鑑賞会/Silent Film Association, Matsuda Film Productions/マツダ映画社, and works related to benshi/ 弁士 (film narrators) or silent film more broadly.

  • Series XX: Audio-Visual Materials, circa

    This series contains 61 VHS cassettes and 8 CD-ROMs primarily related to film and to occasions involving Makino. The content consists mainly of home video recordings of film festivals, and film and documentary programs, including the 2001 Yamagata Film Festival where Makino gave a talk, and receptions in honor of Makino's publications in 2001 and 2003.

    The materials in this series are available only for onsite access in Butler Library upon request. CD listening copies related to cinema songs were separated, and individually cataloged; they are accessible via the Columbia University Libraries online catalog.

  • Series XXI: Other Film Related Materials and Books

    This series contains archival objects related to Japanese books published during the Meiji, Taishō, and Shōwa eras. These archival materials were found with the monographs that were individually cataloged. They include a movie theater accounting record, an autograph book from a wedding, manuscripts, brochures, promotional fliers, postcards, and Taishō period handbills. Monographs from the early eras of silent films, motion pictures, and photography were separated and individually cataloged. These individually cataloged materials are accessible via the Columbia University Libraries online catalog. Single monographs and serials which do not have any other issues in the library catalog, or books with archival value can also be found in this section. For old film journals, including Nippon Eiga/日本映画, Eigai Ōrai/映画往来, Shin Eiga/新映画 and others, see Series X.1: Pre-War and Wartime Magazines: Film Magazines.

  • Series XXII: Makino Mamoru Papers, circa

    This series contains publications written by Makino, including reprints of articles from journals, some monographs that include his writings, and promotional fliers for multi-volume set reprints (fukkokuban) of journals that were originally from the Makino Collection, and for which he wrote commentaries or introductions.

    Subseries XXII.1 contains bibliographic information, Subseries XXII.2 contains correspondence (more can be found throughout the Makino Collection based on subject), Subseries XXII.3 contains dissertations and theses sent to Makino by scholars and others who may have used the Makino Collection for their research. These are divided into English language theses and Japanese language theses and in alphabetical order by author name in each section. Subseries XXII.5 contains the bulk of the materials in this series, published articles and writings by Makino.

Using the Collection

C. V. Starr East Asian Library

Restrictions on Access

This collection is available for use by qualified readers in the Rare Book and Special Collections Reading Room, C.V. Starr East Asian Library at Columbia University. Much of the collection is maintained in off-site storage. This may be retrieved with advance notification only; for further details, please consult the C.V. Starr East Asian Library staff.

Terms Governing Use and Reproduction

Columbia University is providing access to the materials in the Library's collections solely for noncommercial education and research purposes. The unauthorized use, including, but not limited to, publication of the materials without the prior written permission of Columbia University is strictly prohibited. All inquiries regarding permission to publish should be submitted in writing to the Director, C.V. Starr East Asian Library, Columbia University. In addition to permission from Columbia University, permission of the copyright owner (if not Columbia University) and/or any holder of other rights (such as publicity and/or privacy rights) may also be required for reproduction, publication, distributions, and other uses. Responsibility for making an independent legal assessment of any item and securing any necessary permissions rests with the persons desiring to publish the item. Columbia University makes no warranties as to the accuracies of the materials or their fitness for a particular purpose.

Preferred Citation

Identification of specific item; Date (if known); The Makino Mamoru Collection on the History of East Asian Film; series #, box # and folder #; C.V. Starr East Asian Library, Columbia University.

Related Archival Materials

Most monographs were separated from the collection and individually catalogued in the Columbia University Libraries' online catalog.

About the Finding Aid / Processing Information

Columbia University Libraries, C. V. Starr East Asian Library

Processing Information

This collection was processed by Beth Katzoff, Archivist/Public Services Librarian, C.V. Starr East Asian Library, from 2008-2014, and by Miki Masuda, Project Archivist, C.V. Starr East Asian Library, from 2014-2016.

Revision Description

2015-09-25 File created.

2015-12-15 xml document instance created by Catherine C. Ricciardi

2019-05-20 EAD was imported spring 2019 as part of the ArchivesSpace Phase II migration.

Subject Headings

The subject headings listed below are found in this collection. Links below allow searches at Columbia University through the Archival Collections Portal and through CLIO, the catalog for Columbia University Libraries, as well as ArchiveGRID, a catalog that allows users to search the holdings of multiple research libraries and archives.

All links open new windows.

Genre/Form

Heading "CUL Archives:"
"Portal"
"CUL Collections:"
"CLIO"
"Nat'l / Int'l Archives:"
"ArchivedGRID"
Clippings (Information Artifacts) Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Ephemera Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Exhibition Catalogs Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Film Scripts Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Glass plate negatives Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Handbills Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Pamphlets Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Photographs Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Posters Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Programs Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID

Subject

Heading "CUL Archives:"
"Portal"
"CUL Collections:"
"CLIO"
"Nat'l / Int'l Archives:"
"ArchivedGRID"
Animated films -- Japan Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Film posters, Japanese Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Foreign films -- Japan Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Makino, Mamoru, 1930- Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Motion picture producers and directors -- Japan -- History Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Motion picture programs -- Japan Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Motion picture studios -- Japan -- History Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Motion pictures -- Censorship -- Japan Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Motion pictures -- Japan -- History Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Motion pictures, Japanese -- History Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Playbills -- Japan Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Scrapbooks Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Shōchiku Kabushiki Kaisha -- : Archives Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Stills (Motion pictures) -- Japan Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID
Tōhō Kabushiki Kaisha -- : Archives Portal CLIO ArchiveGRID

History / Biographical Note

Biographical Note

Makino Mamoru/牧野守 (1930-) was born in a small town on the northern island of Karafuto, Japan, where he lived until his family moved to Tokyo. He studied literature at Bunka Gakuin College in Tokyo, quitting before graduation to work in the film industry. He worked as an assistant director in an independent production company, and later became an assistant director for the documentary filmmaker Kamei Fumio/亀井文夫. In 1957, he worked for the television channel KRTV and Nihon Kyōiku Terebi (Education Television of Japan, today's TV Asahi). He worked on documentaries for both TV and film companies, and released films in the 1960s, while publishing as an independent scholar.

In 1988, he began working as a special researcher for the Kawasaki City Museum/川崎市市民ミュージアム, retiring by 1999. In addition to his enormous effort to publish scholarship on Japanese film, he gathered a massive collection of mostly print materials related to the history of Japanese films over the course of fifty years. Makino began collecting materials related to Japanese documentary films, and then expanded his collection to include writings on film theory, movements, and censorship. The collection also spans across various genres of films, including experimental films, educational films, documentary films, news films, amateur films, and animated films, among many others.

Since the majority of the materials covering foreign films were written in Japanese, he recently began to gather some materials related to other East Asian cinemas in Chinese and Korean languages. As a researcher, his efforts are concentrated on censorship, left-wing film literature, early film history, and documentaries.

He has a wife and three grown children.